HORSE-MILL – THE LANDMARK OF THE PLAIN


HORSE-MILL – THE LANDMARK OF THE PLAIN

The horse-mill is typical of the plain and it’s one of the landmarks of Kikinda. It is a horse-powered dry mill that was used for wheat grinding.


Horse-mills are typical of 19th century Vojvodina. There were 50,000 of them in Pannonia then. They were usually built with one, two or three wheels and on street corners, for easier access. In the middle of the 19th century, their number in Kikinda reached 51 – there were three with two and 48 with one wheel.


Today, the horse-mill is 100-years-old. It’s in a bad condition. It needs to be reconstructed as soon as possible and its surroundings arranged, since it’s an architectural gem and the only remaining dry mill in Serbia. After the reconstruction, it would become the model for the protection of Serbian timeless traditional values, the education of the young and a tourist attraction. Unfortunately, it is still only an old lady who nobody taks care of.


The Kikinda horse-mill is under the protection of the state from 1951.


In 1990, it became an IMMOVABLE PROPERTY OF OUTSTANDING VALUE FOR THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

It is the only remaining horse-mill in Serbia.

The plan of Velika Kikinda from 1847, when there was the largest number of horse-mills in Kikinda

Barbul Milan, the ink drawing of the Kikinda horse-mill

It caught the attention of the architect Milan Barbul, so he included it in one of the General urban plans of Kikinda.


The big wheel, similar to a cart’s

Visible wooden construction on the pyramidal part of the horse-mill



The central column called “popa”


The construction of the ridge of the pyramidal part


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Biserka Ilijašev © 2010.  All rights reserved. Reproduction of photographs and drawings without the consent of the author is forbidden.
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