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   The beauty of the architectural objects is the result of many factors. The most important ones are the proportion (perceived by Euclid) and the harmony.
What Euclid perceived was the specific proportion of the whole and its parts. That relation, according to Euclid, is the line intersected in such a way that the length of the whole line is in the same proportion to the length of the longer part as is the proportion of the longer part to the whole. That proportion is equal to 0,618 and is called the golden number. It is, in fact, a natural code, incorporated in every living being. When we say that something is proportional we should know it is in that relation. That’s why that relation is called Golden Ratio or The Divine Proportion. Classical Greek and Roman architecture as well as the architecture of the Middle Ages were based on the golden ratio* principle. That is the reason why the objects from these periods seem proportional and nice to look at.

   The notion of harmony is well known to us from the world of music. According to the legend, Pitagora discovered the notion of harmony listening to the hammer in the blacksmith shop. By analogy, it led him to string instruments. Listening, he concluded that one can produce the most pleasant sound when the strings are equal or when they are plucked in proportional relations which suit the whole numbers 1, 2, 3, 4. A melodious sound has the proportion 2:3 = 0.66 (a quint) which is near the relation of the golden intersection which is 0.618.9 Many examples of golden ratio in various spheres in nature, in artistic creations, in architecture were given by Doci in his book THE POWER OF THE PROPORTIONS; HARMONY IN NATURE, ART AND ARCHITECTURE, Stylos, Novi Sad, 2005, p.11, 12, 13. He says: "The power of the golden ratio to create harmony springs from its unique capacity to unite different parts of the whole in such a way that each of them preserves its identity fitting well, though, into the larger pattern of the unique whole. The quotient of the golden ratio is an irrational, infinite number which can only be approximated but those approximate calculations are possible, even within the scope of small, whole numbers. This discovery filled the ancient Pitagoreans with awe: they felt in it the secret force of cosmic order. It filled them with conviction of the mystical power of numbers. Also, it directed their efforts into finding out the harmony of such proportions in everyday life patterns, thus transforming life itself into art."

   Because of this in art and architecture we try to attain those harmonious proportions – the proportions of the golden ratio. Architectural structures the dimensions of which are in those proportions make the impression of harmony. Villas and palaces of Kikinda were built with their approximate proportions close to the most optimal one – the golden ratio. Therefore they remind us of the pleasant accords of music, leaving the impression of consonance and harmony. Thus their facades win us immediately, impressed by the magnificence of such objects. That makes the chosen villas and palaces in this book bearing the same name the most relevant artefacts for the architecture of Kikinda.
More on this on the pages of VILLAS AND PALACES IN KIKINDA.
Biserka Ilijašev © 2010.  All rights reserved. Reproduction of photographs and drawings without the consent of the author is forbidden.